According to Wikipedia research : The common fitted Western-style kitchen, developed was in the early 20th century, is typically an arrangement of assembled unit cabinetry covered with a more-or-less continuous worktops
work surface. The “unfitted” kitchen design style exemplified by Johnny Grey may also include detached and/or varied surfaces mounted on discrete base support structures. Primary considerations of material choice and conformation are durability, functionality, hygienics, appearance, and cost.
When installed in a kitchen on standard (U.S) wall-mounted base unit cabinets, worktops are typically about 25-26 inches (635–660 mm) from front to back and are designed with a slight overhang on the front (leading) edge. This allows for a convenient reach to objects at the back of the worktop
while protecting the base cabinet faces. In the UK the standard width is 600 mm (Approximately 24 inches). Finished heights from the floor will vary depending on usage but typically will be 35-36″ (889–914 mm), with a material thickness depending on that chosen. They may include an integrated or applied backsplash (UK: up-stand) to prevent spills and objects from falling behind the cabinets. Kitchen worktop installation
may also be installed on freestanding islands, dining areas or bars, desk and table tops, and other specialized task areas; as before, they may incorporate cantilevers, free-spans and overhangs depending on application. The horizontal surface and vertical edges of the worktop
can be decorated in manners ranging from plain to very elaborate. They are often conformed to accommodate the installation of sinks, stoves (cookers), ranges, and cook-tops, or other accessories such as dispensers, integrated drain boards, and cutting boards.
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Credits to Wikipedia